Projects per year
My research interests are mainly in meteorology, oceanography and climate, with a focus on the tropics. These include research into fundamental processes through observational data analysis and numerical modelling. A particular area of interest is the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO).
Current funded research projects
PROMS (Pacific Rainfall Over Millenial Scales). Co-I. Funded by Natural Environment Research Council. The aim of PROMS is to understand the behaviour of the South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ; the main rainfall system in the tropical Pacific) over time scales from decadal to centennial and millenial, using atmospheric and climate models, and palaeo-data from sediments from lakes on Pacific islands.
TerraMaris. Lead PI. TerraMaris is a NERC-funded Large Grant, involving UK scientists at UEA, University of Leeds, University of Reading, the Met Office, National Centre for Atmospheric Sciences (NCAS), and the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM), and Indonesian scientists at BMKG, LAPAN, and BPPT. The aims of TerraMaris are to observed, measure and model the key processes that govern the development of atmospheric convection and rainfall over the Maritime Continent (the islands and seas of Indonesian and surrounding countries, described as the engine room of the global climate system). TerraMaris has an upcoming field campaign, involving research aircraft, land-based meteorological sensors, and oceanographic observations using gliders, due to take place around the island of Java, Indonesia, from November 2021 to March 2022.
BoBBLE (Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment). Co-Lead Principal Investigator (PI), together with Prof. P. N. Vinayachandran of Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India. BoBBLE is a joint UK-India project funded by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK, and Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), India, as part of the Drivers of Variability in the South Asian Monsoon Programme. The aims of BoBBLE are to observe, model and understand the coupled ocean-atmosphere processes that impact on rainfall over India and South Asia during the monsoon. The BoBBLE field campaign took place in the Bay of Bengal during summer 2016, based on the Indian research ship R/V Sindhu Sadhana.
ELO (Equatorial Line Observations). Co-Lead PI together with Dr Piotr Flatau of Scripps Institute of Oceanography, USA. ELO is a joint US-UK project funded by National Science Foundation (NSF), USA, and NERC, UK. The aims of ELO are to observe, model and understand ocean-atmosphere processes that govern tropical weather systems such as the MJO and convectively coupled Kelvin waves. ELO has an upcoming field campaign based in Indonesia that is scheduled for January-May 2019.
Real projections (Robust spatial projections of real-world climate change). Co-investigator. Real projections is a NERC-funded project with University of Exeter, UEA and University of Reading. It will provide quantitative projections of the spatial patterns of future climate change for the real world, through statistical inference techniques combined with the output of climate models and observations.
FORTIS (Tropical Science and Forecaster Training). Co-Investigator (CoI). FORTIS is a Met Office-funded project, with scientists from University of Leeds, UEA, and University of Reading. It will deliver training by a series of workshops to forecasters in the following southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
FORSEA (Forecasting in SouthEast Asia). Principal Investigator (UEA). FORSEA is also a Met Office-funded project, with scientists from University of Leeds, UEA and University of Reading. It will deliver process-based evaluation of state-of-the-art high resolution forecasts over southeast Asia, to improve our understanding of weather processes in this region and to feed into improvements in model development and more accurate forecasts.
SCaRP (Simulating Catatstrophic Rainfall-triggered landslides and related sedimentation in the Philippines). Co-Investigator. SCaRP is a NERC and Newton Fund project to determine and quantify the interaction of meteorological drivers and preconditioning factors that lead to landslides and fluvial sedimentation in the Philippines, and to improve prediction of landslide hazards and downstream sedimentation.
- 1985-88. B.A. Natural Sciences (Physics and Theoretical Physics), University of Cambridge.
- 1988-89. M.Sc. Atmospheric Sciences, University of East Anglia.
- 1990-93. Ph.D. Department of Meteorology, University of Reading.
- 1994-96. Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading.
- 1996-98. Research Scientist II, NOAA Aeronomy Laboratory/CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
- 1998-99. Research Fellow, Cooperative Research Centre for Southern Hemisphere Meteorology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
- 1999-present. Joint faculty position in School of Environmental Sciences and School of Mathematics, University of East Anglia (Lecturer, 1999; Senior Lecturer, 2004; Reader, 2008; Professor, 2015).
Areas of Expertise
Tropical meteorology and oceanography and climate variability
Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):
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Pacific Rainfall over Millennial Scales (PROMS)
Joshi, M., Matthews, A. & Osborn, T.
Natural Environment Research Council
1/08/22 → 31/07/25
Science Engagement Fellowship - Daniel Skinner
6/06/22 → 5/06/23
FORecasting for Southeast Asia (FORSEA) – Follow On
Matthews, A., Webber, B. & Senior, N.
1/04/22 → 31/03/23
Will coupling the Met Office forecast model to an ocean model improve weather predictions in the tropics?
1/10/20 → 31/03/24
TerraMaris: The Maritime Continent - Driver of the Global Climate System
Matthews, A., Birch, C., Hall, R., Heywood, K., Klingaman, N., Marsham, J., Neely, R., Woolnough, S. & Lee, G.
Natural Environment Research Council
1/06/18 → 31/05/24
The role of density currents and gravity waves in the offshore propagation of convection over SumatraPeatman, S. C., Birch, C. E., Schwendike, J., Marsham, J. H., Dearden, C., Webster, S., Neely, R. R. & Matthews, A. J., 9 Mar 2023, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Monthly Weather Review.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
The role of tropical waves in the genesis of Tropical Cyclone Seroja in the Maritime ContinentLatos, B., Peyrillé, P., Lefort, T., Baranowski, D. B., Flatau, M. K., Flatau, P. J., Florida Riama, N., Permana, D. S., Rydbeck, A. V. & Matthews, A. J., 15 Feb 2023, In: Nature Communications. 14, 856.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile
Decadal variability of the extratropical response to the Madden-Julian OscillationSkinner, D., Matthews, A. & Stevens, D., 24 May 2022.
Research output: Contribution to conference › AbstractOpen Access
North Atlantic Oscillation response to the Madden–Julian Oscillation in a coupled climate modelSkinner, D. T., Matthews, A. J. & Stevens, D. P., Jun 2022, In: Weather. 77, 6, p. 201-205 5 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile1 Citation (Scopus)9 Downloads (Pure)
A local-to-large scale view of Maritime Continent rainfall: Control by ENSO, MJO and equatorial wavesPeatman, S. C., Schwendike, J., Birch, C. E., Marsham, J. H., Matthews, A. J. & Yang, G-Y., 1 Nov 2021, In: Journal of Climate. 34, 22, p. 8933-8953 21 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile10 Citations (Scopus)7 Downloads (Pure)
Seaglider data from the Indian Ocean as part of the Equatorial Line Observations (ELO), January-April 2019
Do Valle Chagas Azaneu, M. (Creator), Matthews, A. (Creator), Lee, G. (Creator) & Heywood, K. (Creator), British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK , 15 Dec 2022
Ocean glider data from BoBBLE (Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment) in July 2016
Webber, B. (Creator), Matthews, A. (Creator), Queste, B. (Creator), Lee, G. (Creator), Cobas-Garcia, M. (Creator), Heywood, K. (Creator) & Vinayachandran, P. N. (Creator), British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK , 2019