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Personal profile


  • Emeritus Professor of Ecology, University of East Anglia (2014)
  • Professor of Ecology, University of East Anglia (2007)
  • Reader in Plant Ecology, University of East Anglia (1997)
  • Senior Lecturer in Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia (1992)
  • Lecturer in Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia (1972)
  • Ph.D. - University College London (1973)
  • B.Sc. - Botany, University College London (1969)

External Activities

  • Editor of Biological Flora of the Britain and Ireland and the International Biological Flora series for the British Ecological Society (2004-)
  • 'BES Award' of the British Ecological Society for exceptional service to the Society and the discipline of ecology (2005)
  • Executive (Senior) Editor of Journal of Ecology (1998-2004). Previously joint Editor and Associate Editor

Key Research Interests

I am retired and no longer run a laboratory of my own or supervise PhD students. I am still involved in collaborative projects with Ben Miller's lab at UEA, and with colleagues in labs in Spain, China and Saudi Arabia. Much of this work centres on varied aspects of coastal, aquatic and arid ecosystems, particularly where salinity and water stress are significant selection pressures. I am interested in the practical application of ecological principles for habitat restoration, conservation and sustainable land use.

Areas of Expertise

Saltmarsh and halophyte ecology; adaptation in plant populations; restoration and mangement of degraded ecosystems; flowering phenology and climate change.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 14 - Life Below Water
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land


Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or