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David Gilks

Dr

  • 3.48 Arts

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Personal profile

Biography

I joined UEA in 2014. I took my first degree in History at Trinity College, Cambridge, before winning a Henry Fellowship to Harvard. I returned to Cambridge for my doctoral thesis on cultural politics in France c. 1770-1810 (supervised by Prof. Tim Blanning) for which I spent a year in Paris as a Pensionnaire étranger at the École normale supérieure, Ulm. I was subsequently a Junior Research Fellow at Christ Church, Oxford, and Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at Queen Mary University of London.

My research and teaching (described in my research and teaching tabs) focus on eighteenth-and nineteenth-century France. However, my interests are eclectic: I have published on twentieth-century Italian intellectual history and on a sixteenth-century Paris fountain, lectured on subjects ranging from seventeenth-century absolutism to interwar eugenics and led MA seminars on Renaissance Paris and Post-war French colonial politics alike.

Key Research Interests and Expertise

 

Past research

I wrote my doctoral thesis on debates and policies surrounding the ‘regeneration’ of the visual arts in France between circa 1770 and 1810, using several writings by Antoine Quatremère de Quincy (1755-1849) as focal points.

 

My subsequent research investigated attitudes, institutions and frameworks for displacing, preserving and restoring material cultural property. I first examined the displacement of artworks, antiquities, rare books, manuscripts and scientific specimens during the Revolutionary-Napoleonic Wars, but my research then turned to the treatment of immobile, monumental forms of cultural property. A three-year Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship allowed me to pursue a project on ‘The conservation and rediscovery of monuments and antiquities in France, 1700-89’, through which I researched an important but neglected shift in how material vestiges of the past were recorded and preserved in France at a time when the country’s origins were disputed. A resulting publication used the sixteenth-century Fontaine des Innocents and its ‘afterlives’ as a case study for telling larger, intertwined stories about urban infrastructure, changing notions of authenticity, ‘oldness’ and ‘newness’ values, and the eighteenth-century patriotic cult of its creator, Jean Goujon.

 

Over the last years, I have built on my earlier doctoral thesis to write a detailed and original intellectual and political biography of Antoine Quatremère de Quincy during the French Revolution – a period when he was often at the forefront of conservative politics while also contributing to several important debates and legislative reforms on artistic, literary, educational and cultural subjects. This book will reinterpret his corpus of known writings from the revolutionary decade, identify him for the first time as the author of several pamphlets and articles that were published anonymously and make unprecedented use of archival records.

 

Current and future research plans

My second-book project is provisionally titled ‘Fashioning Patriotic Monarchy during the Crisis of Absolutism in France, 1756-1789’. In this book, I will look at how, in response to the mid-century crisis, the Crown attempted to re-legitimize itself by demonstrating that the ‘patriot king’ was the benevolent custodian of the patrie. While historians are familiar with the Crown’s efforts to reclaim the political rhetoric of patriotism, I am above all interested in its concurrent cultural and scientific initiatives. Individual chapters will therefore examine how the Crown refined the meaning of the patrie through generating new historical and geographical knowledge; how it used urban ‘embellishments’, new monuments and artworks to bolster its patriotic credentials; and how it valorized monument-memorials of the patrie’s past grandeur, overseeing the conservation and restoration of certain historic monuments and antiquities in cities of great historical and artistic importance.

 

Other research projects are broadly as follows and I welcome expressions of interest in them from prospective MA and PhD students:

  • The theory and practice of urban improvements in eighteenth-century France, especially water politics in Paris during the 1770s and ‘80s.
  • The rediscovery, conservation and display of Gallo-Roman antiquity in eighteenth-century France
  • The French Revolution, above all the cultural and intellectual history of the Directory. (I have an ongoing project to gather, select and translate extracts of French revolutionary sources covering cultural, artistic and intellectual subjects into a documentary reader aimed at English-speaking university students).
  • Pantheonisations, depanthonisations and personality cults during the revolutionary decade.
  • Quatremère de Quincy after 1800.

 

Publications, reviews and conference and seminar papers

 

Book

  • Quatremère de Quincy: Art and Politics during the French Revolution (under contract with Oxford University Press).

 

Critical edition of primary source

  • Annotated and translated Quatremère de Quincy, Letters on the Plan to Abduct Monuments of Art from Italy (1796) and related documents – inAntoine Quatremère de Quincy, Letters to Miranda and Canova on the Abduction of Antiquities from Rome and Athens (Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, Texts & Documents Series, 2012), pp. 92-123, 168-77.

 

Articles and reviews

  • In preparation: ‘The sense of the past in the city of the future: preserving historic monuments in enlightenment Paris’
  • In preparation: ‘Quatremère de Quincy, mythical founder of museophobia’.
  • ‘Civilization and its discontents: Quatremère de Quincy and Directorial Political Culture’ (2020) (under review)
  • ‘The Fountain of the Innocents and its place in the Paris cityscape’, Urban history (2018) 45, pp. 49-73.
  • ‘Attitudes to the displacement of cultural property in the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon’, The Historical Journal (2013) 56, pp. 113-143.
  • ‘Art and politics during the “First” Directory: artists’ petitions and the quarrel over the confiscation of works of art from Italy in 1796’, French History (2012) 26, pp. 53-78.
  • Riforma e Rinascimento, Protestantism and Catholicism in Antonio Gramsci’s writings on Italian history, 1926-35’, Journal of Modern Italian Studies (2007) 12, pp. 286-306.
  • Review: ‘From Deficit to Deluge: The Origins of the French Revolution. Edited by Thomas E. Kaiser and Dale K. Van Kley’, French History (2012) 26, pp. 559-61.
  • Review: ‘Backstage at the Revolution: How the Royal Paris Opera Survived the End of the Old Regime, by Victoria Johnson’, French History (2011) 25, pp. 256-58.

 

Conference and seminar papers

  •  ‘Anti-clericalism and the dispute over plundering Rome during the French revolutionary wars’, for the Colloquium ‘Peripheral visions: European soldiers and cultural encounters in the long nineteenth century’, Trinity College Dublin, 4 June 2016.
  • ‘Quatremère de Quincy and the French Revolution’, University of Kent, History Research Seminar, 16 March 2016.
  • ‘The sense of the past in the city of the future: Paris, 1750-1789’, Centre for Urban History University of Leicester, 7 Nov 2014.
  • ‘The sense of the past in the city of the future: Paris, 1750-1789’, 28th Annual Conference of the Society for the Study of French History, Durham, 12 July 2014.
  • ‘The Fountain of the Innocents and its changing place in the Paris cityscape, 1549-1970’. Centre for Metropolitan History, Institute of Historical Research, Jan 2014.
  •  ‘The transformation ofSt Genevieve into the Pantheon, 1791-94’.Early Modern Symposium, Courtauld Institute, London, Oct 2013.
  • ‘Cultural conflict and exchange in Europe, 1792-1815’, 27th Annual Conference of the Society for the Study of French History, Cardiff, July 2013
  • ‘Urbanism and heritage in Paris, 1775-89’. Materialities of Urban Life in Early Modern Europe conference, Institute of Historical Research, London, April 2013.
  • ‘The conservation of monuments in eighteenth-century France’. QMUL Postdoctoral colloquium, March 2013.
  • ‘The conservation and rediscovery of monuments and antiquities in France, 1700-89’. 25th Annual Conference of the Society for the Study of French History, Cambridge, July 2011.
  • ‘Quatremère de Quincy and the displacement of art, 1787-1818’. History of Art Departmental Seminar, Oxford, May 2011.
  • ‘Art Plunder in the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch’. Christ Church Senior Common Room, Oxford, Feb 2011.
  • ‘Urban improvements, hygiene, and artistic heritage in eighteenth-century France’. Enlightenment Workshop, Oxford, Jan 2011.
  • ‘Rhetoric surrounding the seizure of works of art during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars’. Modern French History Seminar, Institute of Historical Research, Oct 2010.
  • ‘Nationalism or Cosmopolitanism? The Quarrel over the Seizure of Art Works from Italy’. Colloquium on Eighteenth-Century Quarrels: Disciplines, Nations, Arts at The Besterman Centre for the Enlightenment, Oxford, Nov 2009.

 

Teaching Interests

Teaching is one of the most rewarding aspects of my job. I currently offer two Second Year modules: ‘France from the Enlightenment to the Belle Epoque’ and ‘Anatomy of a city: Paris, 1682-1815’. I also convene a Special Subject for Third-Years on ‘The French Revolution, 1789-1804’. I am always happy to recommend reading to prospective students.

I also contribute to several team-taught undergraduate and postgraduate modules, including Introduction to Early Modern History, Introduction to modern history, ‘The age of extremes’ and ‘Nationalism and violence’.

I am the proud holder of the UEA Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education Practice (2016) and am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA). Since joining UEA four years ago, I have twice been shortlisted in the ‘Most Inspiring Teaching’ category of the Student Union’s Transforming Education Awards.

Administrative Posts

  • Deputy Teaching Director
  • Convenor for 'The age of extremes: Europe, 2018-2001'

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Devlopment Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Bachelor of Arts, University of Cambridge

Award Date: 1 Jan 2002