Projects per year
I obtained a BPhil and DPhil in philosophy from Oxford. I taught at the universities of Oxford and Munich before coming to UEA. I have been a Heisenberg Research Reader, Golestan Fellow at the Netherlands Institute of Advanced Study, and a Senior Research Fellow at the Central European Institute for Advanced Study / Collegium Budapest. Please go to the next tab to read about my research.
- Eugen Fischer has been a Golestan Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, NIAS, 2005/2006, a Senior Research Fellow at Collegium Budapest/Institute for Advanced Research, 2006/2007, and has held a Heisenberg Research Readership of the German Research Council from 2005 to 2009.
- Member of the Arts & Humanities Research Council's Peer Review College 2007-10 and 2017-present, reviewer for the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Croatian Science Foundation, European Science Foundation, Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, Polish National Science Centre, and Swiss National Science Foundation.
- Referee for the Oxford University Press, MIT Press. Routledge, Palgrave Macmillan, Bloomsbury, and international journals including Analysis, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Dialectica, Discipline filosofiche, Ergo, Erkenntnis, Gender and Education, Inquiry, Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy, Mind, Mind and Language, Nous, Philosophers’ Imprint, Philosophia – Philosophical Quarterly of Israel, Philosophical Explorations, Philosophical Investigations, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, Philosophisches Jahrbuch, Polish Psychological Bulletin, Review of Philosophy and Psychology, Social Epistemology, Synthese, Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung
Key Research Interests and Expertise
My main research programme, Psychological Philosophy, explores how findings from psychology can be used to address philosophical problems. In collaboration with colleagues from psycholinguistics and computational linguistics, I study how philosophical problems can be resolved or rendered more tractable through insights into how we think and speak when doing philosophy. I am particularly interested in stereotypes and metaphors, and in philosophical problems about perception.
The project Stereotypes in Philosophy examines how unavoidable stereotypical inferences drive natural language reasoning. We use eye-tracking methods from psycholinguistics to study such automatic inferences and the conditions under which they go wrong. We deploy findings to analyse and assess philosophical arguments and thought experiments. We have studied how inappropriate stereotypical inferences from appearance- and perception-verbs drive arguments in the philosophy of perception. Recent work includes a study on stereotypical inferences about ‘zombies’ and consequences for the philosophy of consciousness. Findings have been published, e.g., in Mind and Language (2016, 2020), Synthese (2020, 2021), and Cognition (2021).
The project Metaphorical Minds examines analogical reasoning with conceptual metaphors – a prime engine of creative thought. The project uses computationally implemented models of analogical reasoning to study under what conditions default strategies for analogical reasoning interfere with default interpretation strategies for metaphors. I am particularly interested in how these processes interact in shaping intuitive introspective conceptions of the mind. Findings have been published, e.g., in Synthese (2014), Analysis (2015), and Connection Science (2018).
I am keen to explore how new methods from psychology and the digital humanities can be adapted for new uses, in philosophy. This interest led to the volume Methodological Advances in Experimental Philosophy (Bloomsbury 2019, p/b 2020). Metaphilosophical questions about experimental philosophy are pursued in the volume Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method (Routledge 2015).
Previous work explored the analogy between philosophy and therapy. It examined when and why ‘therapeutic’ aims and methods can complement familiar forms of philosophical argument and analysis. This research used findings from cognitive psychology and concepts from cognitive psychotherapy to develop some meta-philosophical and methodological ideas first mooted by Wittgenstein and J.L. Austin. This research has redeveloped the notions of ‘philosophical problem-dissolution’ and ‘therapeutic philosophy’ within a post-linguistic paradigm. Findings were brought together in the monograph Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy. Outline of a Philosophical Revolution, Routledge 2011 (Paperback 2013). More recent papers explore how findings from my experimental work provide empirical means and foundations for experimental ordinary language philosophy in the wake of Austin (e.g., Synthese 2021) and help develop some Wittgensteinian ideas (e.g., in chapters 2018 and 2019).
I am co-editor of the monograph series Wittgenstein’s Thought and Legacy (Routledge) and of a collection on Wittgenstein’s metaphilosophy (Routledge 2004, p/b 2010).
- Research Director, Philosophy (2014- )
- Ethics Officer, PPL (2014/15)
- Director of Postgraduate Research (2013/14)
- Director of the Postgraduate Taught Programmes for the School of Philosophy (2008-14)
Experimental philosophy; philosophy of philosophy; intuition; analogy and metaphor; paradoxes; common mistakes in abstract thinking; Wittgenstein and J.L.Austin
- Philosophy of mind
- Philosophy of psychology
- Philosophy of philosophy (epistemology and methodology of philosophy)
- Classical Empiricists
Areas Of Expertise
1/09/21 → 31/08/22
Alternative methods in experimental philosophy - beyond the questionnaire. 8th Annual Conference of the Experiemental Philosophy Group UK
Fischer, E., Andow, J., Pierce, B. & Scaife, R.
1/01/17 → 31/07/17
15/06/12 → 31/07/12
Experimental ordinary language philosophy: a cross-linguistic study of defeasible default inferencesFischer, E., Engelhardt, P. E., Horvath, J. & Ohtani, H., Feb 2021, In: Synthese. 198, 2, p. 1029–1070 42 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile25 Downloads (Pure)
Inappropriate stereotypical inferences? An adversarial collaboration in experimental ordinary language philosophyFischer, E., Engelhardt, P. & Sytsma, J., Nov 2021, In: Synthese. 198, 11, p. 10127–10168 42 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile3 Citations (Scopus)12 Downloads (Pure)
Philosophers’ linguistic expertise: A psycholinguistic approach to the expertise objection against experimental philosophyFischer, E., Engelhardt, P. & Herbelot, A., 27 Oct 2021, (Accepted/In press) In: Synthese.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Andow, J. & Fischer, E., 30 Jul 2021, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Mind and Language.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile10 Downloads (Pure)
1 Citation (Scopus)