Projects per year
The focus of my work as a researcher, teacher, trainer and social activist is driven by a commitment to gender equality and women’s empowerment, within broader issues of resource rights, social equity and rural development. Gender analysis underpins all my research, be it in relation to understanding changes in land and agrarian relations, migration, livelihoods, food and nutrition security, growth and well-being, equity issues in education policies and provisioning, or indeed processes of policy change. My book on land as a resource in the struggle over gendered identities entitled “Good women do not inherit Land": Politics of Land and Gender in India was published by Social Science Press and Orient Blackswan, New Delhi, in 2008, republished in 2012. My recent work on gender and land has been published by World Development in 2017. Titled 'Assets, Agency and Legitimacy: Towards a relational understanding of gender equality policy and practice', the article is available for free download upto June 2nd 2017 from https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1Ut9l,6yxCxIuA
Over the past three years, I coordinated an UNRISD research project entitled ‘When and why do states respond to women’s claims: Understanding gender-egalitarian policy change in Asia’, which sought to understand processes of claims-making in relation to the labour rights of women workers, in particular, migrant, domestic workers, and issues of violence against women. A special cluster of articles is forthcoming in Development and Change. The various country reports and thematic papers are available on the project website: http://www.unrisd.org/gender-claims
At present, I am engaged with two major research consortia, and am responsible for mainstreaming a gender perspective in them. The first, LANSA, or Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia, seeks to identify potential agriculture or food based solutions to the nutritional problem in South Asia. My personal contribution to this work has been to explore how gender relations and women’s work burdens mediate this linkage. The second, ASSAR, or Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions, a consortia under CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia), seeks to understand the barriers and enablers for effective adaptation within dynamic and socially-differentiated semi-arid regions. My specific focus here is on pastoralist groups in East Africa.
In 2016, with partners in Norway, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and India, we were successful in securing a research grant for a cross-country project entitled ‘Migration and collectives as pathways out of poverty: Gendered vulnerabilities and capabilities of fishing communities in Asia’. I am leading the India component of the study, with a focus on coastal Tamil Nadu.
I am a member of the Global Advisory Committee of the UN Girls’ Education Initiative, and have been invited as an expert on gender, land and livelihoods to several high-level meetings. Alongside research and advocacy, I have been involved in building partnerships and networks with research and teaching organisations globally, and also building the capacities of researchers and practitioners on conducting gendered research. This includes deepening theoretical insights to research design, data collection, analysis and writing.
The geographical focus of my work is mainly South Asia, though I am currently working in East Africa as well.
I have been the Co-Editor of Compare, A Journal of Comparative and International Education, supported by the British Association of International and Comparative Education, August 2010-16. I have also served as an Executive Council member, and Secretary, of the British Association of South Asian Studies, for six years.
I try to bring my diverse experiences into the classroom. Apart from teaching courses on gender concepts, livelihoods and social policy to both undergraduate and graduate students, over 15 of my PhD students, working on a range of issues including gender, agrarian reform, livelihoods, food safety, identity and policy development, have successfully completed their doctoral programme. I have been an external examiner for several PhD students at various universities in the UK and India.
CV and Experience
Key Research Interests and Expertise
Gender analysis of land and livelihoods; women's organisation and empowerment; literacy and education; gender and public policy; indigenous peoples and social movements, identities and well-being; sociology and anthropology; methodologies of monitoring and evaluation of development initiatives, India; South Asia.
My new paper on gender and land has just been published by World Development. Title: 'Assets, Agency and Legitimacy: Towards a relational understanding of gender equality policy and practice', DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.02.018. The article is available for free download until June 2nd 2017.
I am currently contracted by LANSA – Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia – as a consultant to ensure that gender is mainstreaming in all research undertaken by the Consortium.
I am also leading on a partnership with World Fish Centre, Penang, to support their country research teams with designing, conducting and analysing research from a gender transformative perspective.
For all my recent projects please look at the Gender research pages here
Girls Education Challenge Fund – Evaluation Manager Consortium
The Girls' Education Challenge Fund (GEC) seeks to support a range of interventions and innovations in DFID partner countries to ensure that girls overcome gender specific obstacles to enrolling, remaining in school and learning. While GEC is being implemented by a number of organisations on the ground, we are part of an Evaluation Manager Consortium (led by Coffey) that seeks to establish and share what works and what doesn't, though project evaluations, meta-analysis and thematic studies.
DEV Key Contact: Nitya Rao
Project Dates: September 2012-March 2015
When and why do states respond to women’s claims
This research seeks to understand how policy change to strengthen women's rights occurs. When and why do states respond to women's claims-making? What are the factors and conditions under which non-state actors can effectively trigger and influence policy change? What are the mechanisms necessary to ensure that issues get on the policy agenda?
DEV Key Contact: Nitya Rao
Project Dates: April 2013 - December 2015
I jointly direct the MA in Gender Analysis and International Development and MA in International Social Development with Steve Russell. I teach on two of the core modules for MAGAID, namely, Gender Concepts of Development and Rural Livelihoods and Agrarian Change (RLAC), in the autumn semester. While RLAC aims to provide an overview of rural livelihoods and approaches to their analysis, alongside a critical assessment of gender relations and poverty for livelihood-building at the micro-level, GCD seeks to provide students with a thorough understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of gender and development. It also establishes the linkages between gender and key debates within development studies such as poverty, violence, religion and the role of men in development.
Both these modules have consistently been highly rated by students as they seek to facilitate the understanding of key concepts and their application to practical contexts through the use of a range of teaching methods including lectures, seminars, workshops, practical exercises and simulation games.
At the undergraduate level, I have been involved in teaching an optional unit on Gender in Development. I have supervised over 75 Masters and Undergraduate dissertations over the past years.
- Rocio Hiraldo Lopez-Alonso: Green capitalist economies through a focus on labour: enclosures, exploitation and class conflict in Senegal
- Mirna Guha: 'Looking through her eyes': Responses and experiences of post-trafficking interventions by 'victims' of cross border-trafficking between India and Bangladesh
- Betty Mntambo: Intra-household negotiations in urban agriculture in Morogoro, Tanzania
- Nkechi Nwankwo: Pathways to women's economic empowerment in Oke Arin market, Lagos
- Sugandha Nagpal: Mobility and migration in rural Punjab
- Mamata Pradhan: Can incentive-based delivery approaches improve food and nutrition security outcomes in India?
- Dafni Skalidou: Certification and cocoa farmers in Ghana
- Anna Arial: Land rights discourse and practices in Madagascar
- Fusheng Jia: Continuing education and the aspirations of mighrant workers in China (2017)
- Mona Daoud: Missing links: Gender and climate change in Egypt (2016)
- Graeme Tolley: 'Love', work and reputation: Opportunities and constraints for men in a village in central Gujarat (2016)
- Olabamidele Ogunleye: Understanding intra-household gender relations: A case study from Nigeria (2015)
- Frances Hay: Indebtedness, illegality and incapacity: Everyday experiences of poverty and barriers to mobility for a migrant community in Delhi, India
- Paramita Muljono; ‘Gender Dynamics in Indonesian Bureaucracy’
- Minh Nguyen; 'Servants of the Socialist Economy'
- Emmanuel Nyamkeye; 'Gender and water vending in Northern Ghana'
- Patrik Oskarsson; ‘Rights and Resources - Extractive Industries and Indigenous Peoples' Rights in the case of the Samatha Judgement in Tribal Eastern India’
- Monika Nielsen; ‘Exploring gender violence in schools in Mozambique’
- Maria Farah Quijano; ‘Rural Livelihoods and Gender’
- Gandhi Gonzalez-Guerrero; ‘Community Organisation for Tourism: A Mexican Case’
- Joe Hill; ‘Water Rights and Water Governance in Chotanagpur, Jharkhand’
- Dolf te Lintelo; ‘Food Safety Policy in India’
- Vusilizwe Thebe; ‘The Re-peasantisation of Rural Livelihoods: An Assessment of the Impact of Zimbabwe's Models of Resettlement on Rural Livelihoods, Rural Development and Economic Development’
- Marwan Mubarak; ‘Forced Migration, Poverty and the Informal Economy in Sudan’
- Anja Kovacs; ‘A Saffron Sisterhood? Agency, Activism and Empowerment of Women in the Hindu Nationalist Movement’
Areas Of Expertise
Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):
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Coastal transformations and fisher wellbeing - synthesized perspectives from India and Europe (EQUIP)
Menon, A., Rao, N., Abranches, M., Bautes, N., Bavinck, J., Bofulin, M., Dhandapani, B., Dhandapani, S., Finstad, B., Gowrappan, M., Inamdar, A., Natesan, B., Parthasarathy, D., Paudel, K., Proisy, C., Rogelja, N., Taylor, B. & White, C.
1/01/19 → 30/06/22
Griffiths, H., Rao, N., Bentley, A., Doubleday, R., Fennell, S., Harrington, T., Heuer, S., Hibberd, J., Jones, M., Lawson, T., Petrie, C., Ray, S., Smith, L., Srai, J., Uauy, C., Vira, B. & Yadav, G.
1/10/17 → 31/03/22
Meeting the SDGs: creating innovative infrastructures and policy solutions to support sustainable development in Global South communities (GS-DEV).
1/10/19 → 30/09/21
Contract Farming, Ecological Change and the Transformations of Reciprocal Gendered Social Relations in Eastern IndiaMitra, A. & Rao, N., 2021, In: The Journal of Peasant Studies. 48, 2, p. 436-457 22 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile3 Citations (Scopus)30 Downloads (Pure)
Rao, N., Prakash, A. (ed.) & Patel, A. (ed.), 2 Mar 2021, Oxon: Routledge. 262 p.
Research output: Book/Report › BookOpen Access
How does climate change adaptation policy in India consider gender? An analysis of 28 state action plansSingh, C., Solomon, D. & Rao, N., Aug 2021, In: Climate Policy. 21, 7, p. 958-975 18 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Rao, N. & Renganathan, M., 2021, In: Gender, Place and Culture. 28, 5, p. 627-648 22 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile2 Downloads (Pure)
Rao, N. & Renganathan, M., 28 Aug 2020, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), p. 1-32, 32 p.
Research output: Working paperOpen AccessFile15 Downloads (Pure)