Projects per year
My research is primarily concerned with the ways in which discourses of gender, race and sexuality were articulated and interacted in the context of nineteenth century America.
My most recent project concerns Black Female Intellectuals in early nineteenth century America. Born to Bloom Unseen? Black Female Intellectuals in early 19th Century America (currently in progress) offers an interdisciplinary analysis to explore individual black women’s active contributions to the public discourses of early 19th century America. Drawing on letters and personal testimony, works of art, novels, and historic black newspapers, will reconceptualize the idea of what is meant by the term "intellectual" to bring those who have previously been excluded from the scholarship of black intellectualism more generally, and black female intellectuals specifically, into the center of the debate.
Those who I explore in Born to Bloom Unseen? are a diverse group of black women whose entry into the national arena was sometimes unintended, relatively unnoticed, and faded from the historical record relatively quickly. These were women like the formerly enslaved quilt artist, Harriet Powers, whose work has been typically catalogued under “folk-art” and removed from considerations of the intellectual. It also includes women such as Laura Simmes, Lizzie Hart, Amanda Turpin, and Julia C. Collins, - all women who contributed to the black newspaper The Christian Recorder during the Civil War. These women wrote as mothers, daughters, lovers, but, more importantly, they wrote as black women themselves, stealing time away from the labors of life to pen their thoughts to the Recorder on meaningful and important political concerns. The two Edmonia’s – Lewis and Highgate – one a teacher (Highgate) working in the field as an activist educating freedpeople and their children; the other, Lewis, a sculptor, whose many beautiful works produced in Rome have been “lost” and her omission from black intellectual histories is both unexplained and unexplored in previous work.
Other black female intellectuals the project considers are arguably better known in specific academic fields and popular culture. Abolitionist and feminist activist, author, and journalist, Frances E. W. Harper, formerly enslaved author and activist Sojourner Truth and Harriet Tubman for example sit alongside America’s first black female political writer, Maria W. Stewart, and first black female editor of a newspaper, Mary Ann Shadd Cary. While these women may be more familiar to certain audiences the book situates them within modes of representation and performance, reflecting on contemporary audience reception to these overtly political black women.
I am also Primary Investigator for the AHRC-funded network, "Black Female Intellectuals in the Historical and Contemporary Context." This network brings together scholars, both early career (including PhD students) and more established academics, working on black female intellectuals in the black Atlantic including Australia, the Caribbean, Europe, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The key point of the network is to share interdisciplinary understandings of black female intellectuals from both historical and contemporary perspectives thinking through different questions. The network has organised several workshops and public events including "In Conversation" sessions with Prof Barbara Savage (Penn); playwright and broadcaster, Bonnie Greer OBE; and Prof Shirley Anne Tate (Alberta). Prof Patricia Williams (NorthEastern) also delivered a public lecture for the network. For further details see the project website at http://sites.uea.ac.uk/black-female-intellectuals
My previous projects have included a focus on transitional gender identity in nineteenth century America and intimate relationships among enslaved people. The former work focussed on Sarah Hicks Williams, a middle class woman born and raised in New Hartford, New York, who, in 1853, married Benjamin Williams, a physician and slaveholder from Greene County, North Carolina. Sarah relocated to Benjamin’s plantation following their honeymoon to take on the role of plantation mistress to the 37 or so enslaved peoples there. The monograph, Gender, Race and Family in Nineteenth Century America: From Northern Woman to Plantation Mistress (Palgrave MacMillan: November 2012) concerns Sarah’s experiences of transition: from North to South; “true woman” to “southern lady”; single young woman to wife and mother. It is a story of the shifting nature of antebellum identity, yet calls into question the regional differences that were said to have existed between gender ideals of the “free North” and the “slave South” in this era. As a consequence of this research and in collaboration with Norfolk’s Black History Month Celebrations in October 2012 an exhibition of several of Sarah’s letters and a related series of Public Lectures and Café Conversations was held at the Millennium Library, Norwich: see www.containingmultitudes.co.uk.
The latter work (based on my PhD research at the University of Warwick) explored the emotional lives of enslaved couples in antebellum North Carolina. The project situates courtship and love among the enslaved as central to shaping thier everyday lives. It also reflects on practices of courtship as a form of resistance for the enslaved. Courtship and Love among the Enslaved in North Carolina, was published in 2007 with the University Press of Mississippi. I have also published a co-edited collection concerning the era of Reconstruction with ABC Clio in 2008 as part of their “Perspectives in American History Series”.
Fraser, Rebecca (2012) Gender, Race and Family in Nineteenth Century America: From Northern Woman to Plantation Mistress. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Fraser, Rebecca (2008) Reconstruction: People and Perspectives. ABC-CLIO; 1 edition . ISBN 9781598840216
Fraser, Rebecca (2007) Courtship and Love Among the Enslaved in North Carolina. University Press of Mississippi, p. 137. ISBN 1934110078
Fraser, Rebecca (2020) “ ‘Why sit ye here and Die’? [Maria W. Stewart, 1832]: The Counter-Hegemonic Histories of the Black Female Intellectual in Nineteenth Century America," Journal of American Studies,
Fraser, Rebecca (2018) ‘I Must Speak, I Must Think, I Must Act.’ [Laura Simmes, 1864] The Christian Recorder, Literary Activism, and the Black Female Intellectual.” Slavery and Abolition.
Fraser, Rebecca (2011) 'No more Sarah Hicks': A Reconfiguration of Antebellum Time and Space for an Elite White Woman. Slavery and Abolition, 32 (2). pp. 213-226. ISSN 0144-039x/ 1743-9523
Fraser, Rebecca (2005) Courtship Contests and the Meaning of Conflict in the Folklore of Slaves. Journal of Southern History, 71 (4). pp. 769-802.
Lets us Begin Life Anew, and Learn to Live in Earnest! (Julia C. Collins, “Life is Earnest”, Jan 7th 1865): Free Black Women and the Challenges of Freedom in the Civil War Era,” in The Civil War and Slavery Reconsidered: Negotiating the Peripheries edited by Laura Sandy and Marie Molly. New York and London: Routledge, 2019.
“Gender and the Home: Domestic Spaces and Families in Nineteenth Century America” in A Cultural History of the Home in the Age of Empire edited by Jane Hamlett. New York and London: Bloomsbury Press, 2020.
“Home and Belonging in Antbellum America: The Letters of Sarah Hicks Williams,” in The Edinburgh Companion to Nineteenth-Century American Letters and Letter-Writing edited by Celeste-Marie Bernier, Judie Newman and Matthew Pethers. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016.
Fraser, Rebecca (2009) Negotiating their Manhood: Masculinity amongst the Enslaved in the Upper-South 1830-1860. In: Black and White Masculinity in the American South, 1800-2000. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 76-94. ISBN 9781443805964
Fraser, Rebecca (2008) The Meaning of Freedom for African American Men. In: Reconstruction, Perspectives in American Social History. ABC-CLIO; 1 edition, pp. 1-20. ISBN 9781598840216
- Member of British Association of American Studies
- Member of British American Nineteenth Century Historians
- Teaching Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
Key Research Interests and Expertise
My research is primarily concerned with the interaction and articulation of race, gender, and sexuality in nineteenth century America. I would be happy to take on research students working in the following areas: gender and sexuality in nineteenth century America; race in the nineteenth century America; history of enslavement on the North American mainland from colonial period to 1861; Civil War and Reconstruction with an emphasis on race and gender; historical biographies (with a particular emphasis on gender and race) in nineteenth century America; African American cultural and intellectual lives.
Born to Bloom Unseen? Black Female Intellectuals in Nineteenth century America.(currently in development following favourable reviews from University of South Carolina Press, Dec 2020)
- Athena Swan Lead (2019 - Present)
- Director of Graduate Studies (Taught Postgraduate and Postgraduate Research): 2006 – 2011.
- Senior Advisor (2007, semester II)
- Faculty Director: Postgraduate (Taught Programmes), Aug 2012 – Present
Society for the History of Women in the Americas, University of Reading. 5-6th July 2019Keynote: “Born to Bloom Unseen? Exploring the Marginalized Voices of Black Female Intellectuals in early 19th Century America.
- Current Member of the AHRC Peer Review Panel
Invited speaker at Australian and New Zealand American Studies Association, Sydney, 2008
- Recipient of the Arthur Miller Prize for best journal length article for my piece, “Courtship Contests and The Meaning of Conflict in the Folklore of Slaves,” Journal of Southern History, 71:4 (Nov 2005), pp. 769-802.
- Peer reviewer for the Journal of American Studies, American Nineteenth Century History, and Slavery and Abolition.
External Member - Research Degree Committee, Courtauld Institute13 Jul 2019 → …
External Examiner - Race and Resistance MA (History), University of Leeds1 Mar 2018 → …
- 3 Finished
25/03/19 → 24/09/20
Slavery's Weeping Wounds: Black Women's Crafting of a Collective Memory in Post-Emancipation America, 1865-1938
1/04/14 → 31/12/15
'You have no idea how entirely different everything is here': Sarah Hicks Williams - a true Southern woman?
4/08/09 → 8/09/09
“Why sit ye here and Die”? Counter-Hegemonic Histories of the Black Female Intellectual in Nineteenth Century AmericaFraser, R. & Griffin, M., Dec 2020, In : Journal of American Studies. 54, 5, p. 1005-1031 27 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › ArticleOpen AccessFile32 Downloads (Pure)
‘Lets us Begin Life Anew, and Learn to Live in Earnest!’ Free Black Women and the Challenges of Freedom in the Civil War EraFraser, R., 19 Feb 2019, The Civil War and Slavery: Negotiating the Peripheries. Sandy, L. & Molloy, M. (eds.). Routledge
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter (peer-reviewed)
‘I must speak, I must think, I must act.’ [Laura Simmes, 1864] the Christian Recorder, literary activism, and the black female intellectualFraser, R. J., Dec 2018, In : Slavery and Abolition. 39, 4, p. 663-684
Research output: Contribution to journal › ArticleOpen AccessFile8 Downloads (Pure)
Fraser, R., 2017, (Accepted/In press) A Cultural History of the Home in the Age of Empire. Hamlett, J. (ed.). Bloomsbury
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter
Gender and Race in Antebellum Popular Culture. By Sarah N. Roth. Cambridge University Press. 2014. x + 320pp. £69.99Fraser, R., Dec 2016, In : History. 101, 348, p. 813-814
Research output: Contribution to journal › Book/Film/Article review