Personal profile


Part of the Tyndall Centre since 2006, Tim has participated in a range of European Union and national research council-funded projects, covering climate change governance and policy, particularly from EU and UK perspectives. He has published on mitigation and adaptation-related policy areas, and emerging debates over climate engineering and the potential for greenhouse gas removal. Until January 2020, he was part of the Horizon 2020-funded project, COP 21-RIPPLES (Results, Implications, Pathways and Policies for Low-Emissions European Societies), analysing the adequacy of international climate governance in the wake of the 2015 Paris Agreement.


Until 2022, he will be researching the factors affecting the extent to which policy in a number of key policy sectors in the UK, the Netherlands and Germany is changing in response to the need to adapt to increased impacts from climate change (as part of Adapt Lock-in). He is also participating as a consortium partner in the Jean Monnet Network ‘Governing the EU’s Climate and Energy Transition in Turbulent Times’ (GOVTRAN).


He acted as UK partner in the Norwegian Research Council-funded REMIX project (Revising the National Renewables Policy Mix: the Role of State Aid and other EU policies)

Key Research Interests

European Union climate policy and governance; policy appraisal and evaluation and their roles in the policy process.

Significant Publications

Jordan, A., D. Huitema, M. Hilden, T. Rayner, H. van Asselt, E. Boasson, J. Forster, J. Schoenefeld and J. Tosun (2015). ‘The emergence of a ‘new’ climate governance and its future prospects’, Nature Climate Change. Published Online:

Hilden, M., A. Jordan and T. Rayner (2014). ‘Climate policy innovation: developing an evaluation perspective’, Environmental Politics, 23(5): 884-905.

Jordan, A., T. Rayner et al. (2013). ‘Going beyond two degrees? The risks and opportunities of alternative options’, Climate Policy 13(6): 751-769.

Rayner, T. and A. Jordan (2013). ‘The European Union: the polycentric climate policy leader?’, WIRES Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 4(2): 75-90.

Brouwer, S., T. Rayner and D. Huitema (2013). ‘Mainstreaming climate policy: the case of climate adaptation and the implementation of EU water policy’, Environment and Planning (C) 31: 134 – 153.

Jordan, A. J., van Asselt, H., Berkhout, F., Huitema, D. and Rayner, T. (2012) ‘Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Understanding the Paradoxes of Multi-level Governing’, Global Environmental Politics, 12(2): 43-66.

Huitema, D. A. Jordan, E. Massey, T. Rayner, H. van Asselt, C. Haug, R. Hildingsson, S. Monni, J. Stripple (2011). ‘The evaluation of climate policy: theory and emerging practice in Europe’, Policy Sciences 44 (2): 179-198 (Winner of 26th Annual Harold Lasswell Prize (2011) for best article in the journal Policy Sciences).

Rayner, T. and Jordan, A. 2010. The United Kingdom: a paradoxical leader. In: Wurzel, R. and Connelly, S. (eds). The European Union as a Leader in International Climate Change Politics. Routledge, London.

Jordan, A.J., Huitema, D., van Asselt, H.,  Rayner, T. and Berkhout, F. (eds) 2010. Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Confronting the Dilemmas of Mitigation and Adaptation? Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Haug, C., Rayner, T., Huitema, D., Hildingsson, R., Jordan, A., Massey, E., Monni, S., Stripple, J. and van Asselt, H. 2010. Navigating the dilemmas of European climate policy. Evidence from policy evaluation studies. Climatic Change 101(3), 427-445. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9682-3.

Rayner, T., Russel, D. and Lorenzoni, I. 2008. 'It's demand, stupid’: the failure and future of integrating climate change concerns into UK transport policy. British Politics 3, 373-389.

Owens, S, Rayner, T. and Bina, O. 2004. New agendas for appraisal: reflections on theory, practice, and research. Environment and Planning A 36(11), 1943-1959. DOI: 10.1068/a36281.

Rayner, T. 2004. Sustainability and transport appraisal: The case of the access to Hastings Multi-Modal Study.Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 6(4), 465-491. DOI: 10.1142/S146433320400181X.

Bulkeley, H. and Rayner, T. 2003. New realism and local realities: Local transport planning in Leicester and Cambridgeshire. Urban Studies 40(1),35-55. DOI: 10.1080/0042098032000035518

Owens, S. and Rayner, T. 1999. When knowledge matters: the role and influence of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 1(1), 7-24.


Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action

Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or