12 years of continuous atmospheric O2, CO2 and APO data from Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory in the United Kingdom

Karina E. Adcock, Penelope A. Pickers, Andrew C. Manning, Grant L. Forster, Leigh S. Fleming, Thomas Barningham, Philip A. Wilson, Elena A. Kozlova, Marica Hewitt, Alex J. Etchells, Andy J. Macdonald

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We present a 12-year time series of continuous atmospheric measurements of O2 and CO2 at the Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory in the United Kingdom. These measurements are combined into the term atmospheric potential oxygen (APO), a tracer that is invariant to terrestrial biosphere fluxes. The CO2, O2 and APO datasets discussed are hourly averages between May 2010 and December 2021. We include details of our measurement system and calibration procedures, and describe the main long-term and seasonal features of the time series. The 2min repeatability of the measurement system is approximately ±3 per meg for O2 and approximately ±0.005ppm for CO2. The time series shows average long-term trends of 2.40ppmyr-1 (2.38 to 2.42) for CO2, -24.0 per megyr-1 for O2 (-24.3 to -23.8) and -11.4 per megyr-1 (-11.7 to -11.3) for APO, over the 12-year period. The average seasonal cycle peak-to-peak amplitudes are 16ppm for CO2, 134 per meg for O2 and 68 per meg for APO. The diurnal cycles of CO2 and O2 vary considerably between seasons. The datasets are publicly available at 10.18160/Z0GF-MCWH (Adcock et al., 2023) and have many current and potential scientific applications in constraining carbon cycle processes, such as investigating air-sea exchange of CO2 and O2 and top-down quantification of fossil fuel CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5183–5206
Number of pages24
JournalEarth System Science Data
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2023

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