The successful utilization of silicon nanoparticles (Si-NPs) to enhance the performance of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) has demonstrated their potential as high-capacity anode materials for next-generation LIBs. Additionally, the availability and relatively low cost of sodium resources have a significant influence on developing Na-ion batteries (SIBs). Despite the unique properties of Si-NPs as SIBs anode material, limited study has been conducted on their application in these batteries. However, the knowledge gained from using Si-NPs in LIBs can be applied to develop Si-based anodes in SIBs by employing similar strategies to overcome their drawbacks. In this review, a brief history of Si-NPs' usage in LIBs is provided and discuss the strategies employed to overcome the challenges, aiming to inspire and offer valuable insights to guide future research endeavors.