A case study of tri-morbidity

Emily Player, Emily Clark, Heidi Gure-Klinke, Jennifer Walker, Nicholas Steel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the vulnerability of individuals living with tri-morbidity and the complexity of care required to serve this patient group, moreover to consider how a life course approach may assist.

Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses a case study of a death of a young male adult experiencing homelessness and tri-morbidity in the UK and comparison of the mortality data for homeless adults in the UK with the general population. A synopsis of the mental health and health inclusion guidance for vulnerable adults is used.

Findings: This paper found the importance of considering a life course approach and the impact of negative life events on individuals living with tri-morbidity and also the role of specialist services to support the complex needs of vulnerable adults including the importance of multi-disciplinary working and holistic care.

Research limitations/implications: The research implications of this study are to consider how individuals living with tri-morbidity fit in to evidence-based care.

Practical implications: The practical implication is to consider that those living with tri-morbidity have extra-ordinary lives often with a high concentration of negative life events. Therefore, an extra-ordinary approach to care maybe needed to ensure health inequalities are reduced.

Social implications: This paper is an important case highlighting health inequalities, specifically mortality, in the homeless population.

Originality/value: This paper is an original piece of work, with real cases discussed but anonymised according to guidance on reporting death case reports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Mental Health
Issue number3
Early online date6 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2020


  • Case Study
  • Mental health
  • Mortality
  • Health Inclusion
  • Tri-morbidity

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