A comparison of mid-infrared and raman spectroscopies for the authentication of edible oils

N. A. Marigheto, E. K. Kemsley, M. Defernez, R. H. Wilson

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128 Citations (Scopus)


Robust, routine, and rapid instrumental methods for the determination of the authenticity of edible oils, and the detection of adulteration, are continually being sought. In this paper, we compare mid-infrared and Raman spectroscopies for their ability to discriminate between oils of differing botanical origin and for their ability to detect added adulterants. Furthermore, we used sufficient numbers of samples to permit a comparison of some of the chemometric methods (linear discriminant analysis, artificial neural networks) available and looked at the results obtained when the two spectroscopic datasets were combined. We show that mid-infrared spectroscopy, in combination with linear discriminant analysis, gave the best classification rates and adulteration detection levels compared to Raman or combined data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-992
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Adulteration
  • Chemometrics
  • Edible oil
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Raman spectroscopy

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