A conceptual examination about the correlates of psychological capital (PsyCap) among the Saudi Arabian workforce

Nasser Saad Alkahtani, M. M. Sulphey, Kevin Delany, Anass Hamad Elneel Adow

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5 Citations (Scopus)
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Psychological capital (PsyCap), which is considered a higher-order construct, is composed of hope, efficacy, optimism, and resilience. The importance of PsyCap stems from the fact that it has the propensity to motivate individuals in their accomplishment of organizational tasks and goals. The concept is related to many behavioral concepts including: subjective well-being, social capital, employee engagement, and emotional intelligence. The majority of the research literature on PsyCap has originated from the West, and limited literature exists about its antecedents and consequences among the Saudi population. Studies undertaken in Saudi Arabia must take into account unique cultural aspects. The present work attempts to identify the contribution that could emerge from the relationship of PsyCap, with constructs like subjective well-being, social capital, and employee engagement, considered through the prism of culture. It also recognizes the influence of, and upon, the external environment. Going beyond the replication of earlier studies, the present work considers the constructs to have a yin-yang relationship. The study presented a model of comprehensive framework emerging from the relevant literature to bring out the complex connections between PsyCap and other constructs. It also emphasized the importance of culture on the identified constructs, and its implication on contribution and performance. The proposed framework needs to be further tested by academics, researchers, and practitioners to confirm its practical implications in industry.
Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalSocial Sciences
Issue number4
Early online date29 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Culture
  • Employee engagement
  • PsyCap
  • Psychological capital
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Social capital
  • Subjective well-being

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