A general Bayesian treatment for MEG source reconstruction incorporating lead field uncertainty

J D López, W D Penny, J J Espinosa, G R Barnes

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31 Citations (Scopus)


There is uncertainty introduced when a cortical surface based model derived from an anatomical MRI is used to reconstruct neural activity with MEG data. This is a specific case of a problem with uncertainty in parameters on which M/EEG lead fields depend non-linearly. Here we present a general mathematical treatment of any such problem with a particular focus on co-registration. We use a Metropolis search followed by Bayesian Model Averaging over multiple sparse prior source inversions with different headlocation/orientation parameters. Based on MEG data alone we can locate the cortex to within 4mm at empirically realistic signal to noise ratios. We also show that this process gives improved posterior distributions on the estimated current distributions, and can be extended to make inference on the locations of local maxima by providing confidence intervals for each source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1204
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Early online date24 Jan 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2012


  • Bayes Theorem
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Uncertainty
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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