A geographically-restricted but prevalent Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain identified in the West Midlands region of the UK between 1995 and 2008

Jason T. Evans, Robert L. Serafino Wani, Laura Anderson, Andrea L. Gibson, E. Grace Smith, Annette Wood, Babatunde Olowokure, I Abubakar, Jonathan S. Mann, Sarah Gardiner, Helen Jones, Pam Sonnenberg, Peter M. Hawkey

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Abstract

Background: We describe the identification of, and risk factors for, the single most prevalent Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain in the West Midlands region of the UK.
Methodology/Principal Findings: Prospective 15-locus MIRU-VNTR genotyping of all M. tuberculosis isolates in the West Midlands between 2004 and 2008 was undertaken. Two retrospective epidemiological investigations were also undertaken using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis. The first study of all TB patients in the West Midlands between 2004 and 2008 identified a single prevalent strain in each of the study years (total 155/3,056 (5%) isolates). This prevalent MIRU-VNTR profile (32333 2432515314 434443183) remained clustered after typing with an additional 9-loci MIRU-VNTR and spoligotyping. The majority of these patients (122/155, 79%) resided in three major cities located within a 40 km radius. From the apparent geographical restriction, we have named this the “Mercian” strain. A multivariate analysis of all TB patients in the West Midlands identified that infection with a Mercian strain was significantly associated with being UK-born (OR = 9.03, 95%CI = 4.56–17.87, p
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere17930
JournalPLoS One
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2011

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