A Hedgehog on the Heath: The Second World War Landscape of Exercise 'Kruschen', Dunwich, Suffolk

Robert Liddiard, David Sims

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The importance of training areas to the militarization of the landscape in the twentieth century is well recognized, but many sites remain unexplored and unrecorded. This article discusses the archaeology of a Second World War landscape at Westleton Walks, near Dunwich in Suffolk. The principal remains are those of a mock German ‘Hedgehog’ defensive position built in the spring of 1943 for use in Exercise ‘Kruschen’, an extended trial of techniques and equipment that went on to inform the successful Allied campaign in north-west Europe the following year. The archaeology of the site is significant both as a case study of a Second World War training landscape and also because the remains can be given a precise historical context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-549
Number of pages31
JournalThe Archaeological Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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