A two-dimensional model for the non-uniform melting of a thin sheared viscous layer is developed. An asymptotic solution is presented for both a non-reactive and a reactive material. It is shown that the melt front is linearly stable to small perturbations in the non-reactive case, but becomes linearly unstable upon introduction of an Arrhenius source term to model the chemical reaction. Results demonstrate that non-uniform melting acts as a mechanism to generate hot spots which are found to be sufficient to reduce the time to ignition when compared with the corresponding one-dimensional model of melting.
- Hot spot