A mental hook for learning the three-dimensional anatomy of the sphenoid bone: an angelic resemblance

Hope Gangata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The sphenoid bone seems to resemble a biblical angel. The angel had six wings, and used two to cover the eyes (lesser wings with optic canal representing the eyes), two to fly (greater wings), and two (broad lateral pterygoid plates) to cover the feet (medial pterygoid plates with hamulus). This illustration may help surgical trainees to conceptualise and understand the clinical implications of this wide-ranging bone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e27-e28
Number of pages2
JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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