A model for DNA replication showing how dormant origins safeguard against replication fork failure

J. Julian Blow, Xin Quan Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Replication origins are 'licensed' for a single initiation event before entry into S phase; however, many licensed replication origins are not used, but instead remain dormant. The use of these dormant origins helps cells to survive replication stresses that block replication fork movement. Here, we present a computer model of the replication of a typical metazoan origin cluster in which origins are assigned a certain initiation probability per unit time and are then activated stochastically during S phase. The output of this model is in good agreement with experimental data and shows how inefficient dormant origins can be activated when replication forks are inhibited. The model also shows how dormant origins can allow replication to complete even if some forks stall irreversibly. This provides a simple explanation for how replication origin firing is regulated, which simultaneously provides protection against replicative stress while minimizing the cost of using large numbers of replication forks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalEMBO Reports
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2009

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