A New Dynamic Model to Predict Transient and Steady State PV Temperatures Taking into Account the Environmental Conditions

Socrates Kaplanis, Eleni Kaplani

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4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) cell and module temperature profiles, Tc and Tpv, respectively, developed under solar irradiance were predicted and measured both at transient and steady state conditions. The predicted and measured Tc or Tpv covered both a bare c-Si PV cell, by SOLARTEC, at laboratory conditions using a solar light simulator, as well as various c-Si and pc-Si modules (SM55, Bioenergy 195W, Energy Solutions125W) operating in field conditions. The time constants, τ, of the Tc and Tpv profiles were determined by the proposed model and calculated using the experimentally obtained profiles for both the bare PV cell and PV modules. For model validation, the predicted steady state and transient temperature profiles were compared with experimental ones and also with those generated from other models. The effect of the ambient temperature, Ta, wind speed, vw, and the solar irradiance, IT, on the model performance, as well as of the mounting geometries, was investigated and incorporated in the prediction model. The predicted temperatures had the best matching to the measured ones in comparison to those from six other models. The model developed is applicable to any geographical site and environmental conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • PV cell temperature
  • transient profiles
  • time constant
  • steady state
  • wind velocity
  • environmental effects

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