A new observational analysis of near surface air temperature change since the late 18th century developed for the GloSAT project

Colin P. Morice, David I. Berry, Richard C. Cornes, Kevin Cowtan, Thomas Cropper, John J. Kennedy, Elizabeth Kent, Nick Rayner, Hamish Steptoe, Timothy Osborn, Michael Taylor, Emily Wallis, Jonathan Winn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The GloSAT project is developing a new observational analysis of global air temperature change over land and ocean since the late 18th century.

A new global analysis processing system has been developed that uses a computationally efficient spatial statistical method to estimate air temperature anomaly fields from historical observations. This will be the first presentation of this analysis approach. This method, based on Gaussian Markov Random Fields, jointly estimates temperature anomaly fields over land and ocean based on weather station and ship-based air temperature observations. The increased computational efficiency of the approach compared to conventional kriging-based estimates allows for increased spatial resolution in the analysis.

Observational uncertainties are represented within the analysis framework to propagate uncertainty into the output ensemble data set. This accounts for errors arising from uncorrelated effects and structured errors such as residual biases in observations from an individual weather station or ship after correction. Observational error models have been co-developed with project partners providing the input land and marine data products.

Initial results from the application of the analysis system to GloSAT air temperature observation data will be demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024
Subtitle of host publicationEGU24-17030
PublisherCopernicus Publications
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2024
EventEGU General Assembly 2024: Session CL5.2 -
Duration: 14 Apr 202419 Apr 2024
Conference number: EGU24-17030


ConferenceEGU General Assembly 2024
Internet address

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