A novel case based reasoning approach to radiotherapy planning

Sanja Petrovic, Nishikant Mishra, Santhanam Sundar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Radiotherapy planning is a complex problem which requires both expertise and experience of an oncologist. A case based reasoning (CBR) system is developed to generate dose plans for prostate cancer patients. The proposed approach captures the expertise and experience of oncologists in treating previous patients and recommends a dose in phase I and phase II of the treatment of a new patient considering also the success rate of the treatment. The proposed CBR system employs a modified Dempster–Shafer theory to fuse dose plans suggested by the most similar cases retrieved from the case base. In order to mimic the continuous learning characteristic of oncologists, the weights corresponding to each feature used in the retrieval process are updated automatically each time after generating a treatment plan for a new patient. The efficiency of the proposed methodology has been validated using real data sets collected from the Nottingham University Hospitals NHS, City Hospital Campus, UK. Experiments demonstrated that for most of the patients, the dose plan generated by our approach is coherent with the dose plan suggested by an experienced oncologist. This methodology can assist both new and experienced oncologists in the treatment planning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10759-10769
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011


  • Case based reasoning
  • Fuzzy sets
  • Dempster–Shafer theory
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radiotherapy

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