A parametric model for wind turbine power curves incorporating environmental conditions

Yves-Marie Saint-Drenan, Romain Besseau, Malte Jansen, Iain Staffell, Alberto Troccoli, Laurent Dubus, Johannes Schmidt, Katharina Gruber, Sofia G. Simões, Siegfried Heier

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A wind turbine's power curve relates its power production to the wind speed it experiences. The typical shape of a power curve is well known and has been studied extensively. However, power curves of individual turbine models can vary widely from one another. This is due to both the technical features of the turbine (power density, cut-in and cut-out speeds, limits on rotational speed and aerodynamic efficiency), and environmental factors (turbulence intensity, air density, wind shear and wind veer). Data on individual power curves are often proprietary and only available through commercial databases. We therefore develop an open-source model for pitch regulated horizontal axis wind turbine which can generate the power curve of any turbine, adapted to the specific conditions of any site. This can employ one of six parametric models advanced in the literature, and accounts for the eleven variables mentioned above. The model is described, the impact of each technical and environmental feature is examined, and it is then validated against the manufacturer power curves of 91 turbine models. Versions of the model are made available in MATLAB, R and Python code for the community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-768
Number of pages15
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date15 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020


  • Model validation
  • Open-source model
  • Parametric model
  • Power curve
  • Wind turbine

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