A screen of the complete protein kinase gene family identifies diverse patterns of somatic mutations in human breast cancer

Philip Stephens, Sarah Edkins, Helen Davies, Christopher Greenman, Charles Cox, Chris Hunter, Graham Bignell, Jon Teague, Raffaella Smith, Claire Stevens, Sarah O'Meara, Adrian Parker, Patrick Tarpey, Tim Avis, Andy Barthorpe, Lisa Brackenbury, Gemma Buck, Adam Butler, Jody Clements, Jennifer ColeEd Dicks, Ken Edwards, Simon Forbes, Matthew Gorton, Kristian Gray, Kelly Halliday, Rachel Harrison, Katy Hills, Jonathon Hinton, David Jones, Vivienne Kosmidou, Ross Laman, Richard Lugg, Andrew Menzies, Janet Perry, Robert Petty, Keiran Raine, Rebecca Shepherd, Alexandra Small, Helen Solomon, Yvonne Stephens, Calli Tofts, Jennifer Varian, Anthony Webb, Sofie West, Sara Widaa, Andrew Yates, Francis Brasseur, Colin S Cooper, Adrienne M Flanagan, Anthony Green, Maggie Knowles, Suet Y Leung, Leendert H J Looijenga, Bruce Malkowicz, Marco A Pierotti, Bin Teh, Siu T Yuen, Andrew G Nicholson, Sunil Lakhani, Douglas F Easton, Barbara L Weber, Michael R Stratton, P Andrew Futreal, Richard Wooster

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292 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the coding sequence of 518 protein kinases, approximately 1.3 Mb of DNA per sample, in 25 breast cancers. In many tumors, we detected no somatic mutations. But a few had numerous somatic mutations with distinctive patterns indicative of either a mutator phenotype or a past exposure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-592
Number of pages3
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005


  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Multigene Family
  • Mutation
  • Protein Kinases

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