A sequence-selective single-strand DNA-binding protein regulates basal transcription of the murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (Timp-1) Gene

Blaine W. Phillips, Renuka Sharma, Pamela A. Leco, Dylan R. Edwards

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is important in maintaining the extracellular proteolytic balance during tissue remodeling processes. To allow homeostatic tissue turnover, the murine Timp-1 gene is expressed by most cells at a low basal level, and during acute remodeling its transcription is activated by a variety of stimuli. A non-consensus AP-1-binding site (5′-TGAGTAA-3′) that is conserved in mammalian timp-1 genes is a critical element in basal and serum-stimulated transcription. We show here that each strand of this unusual AP-1 site binds a distinct single-stranded DNA-binding protein, although neither strand from a perfect consensus AP-1 site from the human collagenase gene shows similar binding. One of the single-strand binding factors, which we term ssT1, binds to a second upstream Timp-1 region between nucleotides −115 and −100. Deletion analysis demonstrated that this region is important in basal but not serum-inducible transcription. The ssT1 factor was 52–54 kDa by UV cross-linking of electrophoretic mobility shift assays and Southwestern blot analysis. Its binding to DNA shows sequence selectivity rather than specificity, with 5′-CT/ATTN(4–6)ATC-3′ as a favored motif. Multiple ssT1-like activities were found in nuclear extracts from mouse fibroblasts and rat liver and testis, suggesting that these factors may regulate basal Timp-1 transcription in a tissue-specific fashion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22197-22207
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 1999

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