A status assessment of selected data synthesis products for ocean biogeochemistry

Nico Lange, Toste Tanhua, Benjamin Pfeil, Hermann W. Bange, Siv K. Lauvset, Marilaure Grégoire, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Steve D. Jones, Björn Fiedler, Kevin M. O’brien, Arne Körtzinger

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Ocean data synthesis products for specific biogeochemical essential ocean
variables have the potential to facilitate today’s biogeochemical ocean data
usage and comply with the Findable Accessible Interoperable and Reusable
(FAIR) data principles. The products constitute key outputs from the Global
Ocean Observation System, laying the observational foundation for information
and services regarding climate and environmental status of the ocean. Using the
Framework of Ocean Observing (FOO) readiness level concept, we present an
evaluation framework for biogeochemical data synthesis products, which
enables a systematic assessment of each product’s maturity. A new criteria
catalog provides the foundation for assigning scores to the nine FOO
readiness levels. As an example, we apply the assessment to four existing
biogeochemical essential ocean variables data products. In descending
readiness level order these are: The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT); the
Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP); the MarinE MethanE and NiTrous
Oxide (MEMENTO) data product and the Global Ocean Oxygen Database and
ATlas (GO2DAT). Recognizing that the importance of adequate and
comprehensive data from the essential ocean variables will grow, we
recommend using this assessment framework to guide the biogeochemical
data synthesis activities in their development. Moreover, we envision an
overarching cross-platform FAIR biogeochemical data management system
that sustainably supports the products individually and creates an integrated
biogeochemical essential ocean variables data synthesis product; in short a
system that provides truly comparable and FAIR data of the entire
biogeochemical essential ocean variables spectrum.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1078908
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2023

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