A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between self-reported diarrhoeal disease and distance from home to water source

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify whether there was a relationship between the distance that people have to carry water home and ill health. We conducted a systematic review for papers that reported on the association between diarrheal risk and distance. Six papers were identified for inclusion in the meta-analysis. These were all observational studies, and only two reported effect sizes that adjusted for possible confounding. Multiple different types of water sources supplied the study communities. The combined odds ratio (OR) showed a significant increase in illness risk in people living farther away from their water source (OR = 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04–1.68). There is a need for better designed studies to further elucidate the health impacts on having to carry water home.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-584
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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