Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the characteristics of effective lifestyle modification interventions designed for patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in order to determine elements that have the potential to be delivered in the community pharmacy setting. Key findings: Seven studies, comprising three each of the interventions diet and structured education and one of supported exercise, were identified. Interventions were conducted in hospital diabetes clinics and clinics situated in both urban and rural areas. Interventions were delivered face to face by highly skilled personnel including physicians, nurses and dietitians. Duration of interventions ranged from 3 months to 5 years. Summary: Structured education and dietary interventions in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes effectively controlled blood glucose levels without pharmacological intervention. Important characteristics included face to face, individualised and multicomponent interventions with a duration of at least 6 months. These characteristics demonstrate potential for delivery in a community pharmacy setting, given its current involvement in delivering face to face, individual services with diet and lifestyle components. Further research is required to provide evidence for ideal intervention duration and frequency as well as training requirements for pharmacists.
- community pharmacy
- Health promotion