Acinetobacter baumannii from grass: novel but non-resistant clones

Valeria Mateo-Estrada, Ciara Tyrrell, Ben Evans, Alejandro Aguilar-Vera, David Drissner, Santiago Castillo-Ramirez, Fiona Walsh

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Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is one the most worrisome nosocomial pathogens, which has long been considered almost mainly as a hospital-associated bacterium. There have been some studies about animal and environmental isolates over the last decade. However, little effort has been made to determine if this pathogen dwells in the grass. Here, we aim to determine the evolutionary relationships and antibiotic resistance of clones of A. baumannii sampled from grass to the major human international clones and animal clones. Two hundred and forty genomes were considered in total from four different sources for this study. Our core and accessory genomic epidemiology analyses showed that grass isolates cluster in seven groups well differentiated from one another and from the major human and animal isolates. Furthermore, we found new sequence types under both multilocus sequence typing schemes: two under the Pasteur scheme and seven for the Oxford scheme. The grass isolates contained fewer antibiotic-resistance genes and were not resistant to the antibiotics tested. Our results demonstrate that these novel clones appear to have limited antibiotic resistance potential. Given our findings, we propose that genomic epidemiology and surveillance of A. baumannii should go beyond the hospital settings and consider the environment in an explicit One Health approach.
Original languageEnglish
Article number001054
JournalMicrobial Genomics
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Genomic epidemiology
  • One Health
  • antibiotic resistance
  • grass
  • international clones
  • non-clinical environments

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