Activated T lymphocytes support osteoclast formation in vitro

Nicole J. Horwood, Vicky Kartsogiannis, Julian M. W. Quinn, Evangelos Romas, T. John Martin, Matthew T. Gillespie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

355 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoblastic stromal cells are capable of supporting osteoclast formation from hematopoietic precursors in the presence of osteotropic factors such as 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), PTH, and IL-11. Osteoblastic stromal cells produce receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), a type II membrane protein of the TNF ligand family, in response to these agents. Activated T lymphocytes also produce RANKL; however, the ability of this cell type to support osteoclast formation in vitro is unknown. Human PBMC-derived T cells, extracted using alphaCD3-coated magnetic beads, were cocultured with adherent murine spleen cells in the presence of Con A and a panel of cytokines. In the presence of Con A, bona fide osteoclasts were formed in vitro with activated T cells: IL-1alpha and TGFbeta further enhanced osteoclast numbers. PBMC-derived lymphocytes showed an increase in the mRNA expression of RANKL within 24 h of treatment with the same agents that were used to induce osteoclast formation. In synovial tissue sections with lymphoid infiltrates from RA patients, the expression of RANKL was demonstrated in CD3(+) T cells. The ability of activated T lymphocytes to support osteoclast formation may provide a mechanism for the potentiation of osteoclast formation and bone resorption in disease states such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume265
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology
  • Carrier Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Concanavalin A/pharmacology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-2/pharmacology
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins/biosynthesis
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoclasts/cytology
  • RANK Ligand
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
  • Stromal Cells/cytology
  • Synovial Membrane/immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes/immunology
  • Transcription, Genetic/drug effects
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology

Cite this