Activity of biapenem (RPX2003) combined with the boronate β-lactamase inhibitor RPX7009 against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

David M. Livermore, Shazad Mushtaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives The proliferation of carbapenemases in Enterobacteriaceae demands new therapies, with current interest centred on ß-lactamase inhibitor combinations. RPX7009 is a new boron-based inhibitor of several class A and C ß-lactamases and is being developed in combination with biapenem (RPX2003). We investigated the in vitro activity of the combination.

Methods Three hundred Enterobacteriaceae isolates, representing major carbapenemase types, were tested. MICs were determined by CLSI agar dilution with RPX7009 at 2, 4 and 8 mg/L or in a chequerboard format with RPX7009 in doubling dilutions from 0.25 to 32 mg/L.

Results RPX7009 lacked direct antibacterial activity but achieved a dose-dependent potentiation of biapenem against Enterobacteriaceae possessing KPC, SME or IMI/NMC-A carbapenemases: concentrations as low as 2 mg/L reduced the MICs of biapenem to =1 mg/L for over 90% of isolates. RPX7009 also gave a weak potentiation of biapenem against Enterobacteriaceae with combinations of AmpC or extended-spectrum ß-lactamase activity and impermeability, although any practical gain against such strains will depend on the breakpoints assigned. RPX7009 had no effect on the MICs of biapenem for isolates with metallo- (IMP, NDM or VIM) or OXA-48 ß-lactamases; however, most isolates with these enzymes were less resistant to biapenem than to imipenem or, especially, ertapenem.

Conclusions Biapenem/RPX7009 (Carbavance) overcame most resistance due to KPC and other class A carbapenemases. Class B and D carbapenemases were not inhibited but conferred less consistent resistance to biapenem than to other carbapenems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1831
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013

Cite this