ADAMTS-1 and Syndecan-4 intersect in the regulation of cell migration and angiogenesis

Jordi Lambert, Kate Makin, Sophia Akbareian, Robert Johnson, Abdullah Alghamdi, Stephen Robinson, Dylan Edwards

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ADAMTS-1 is an extracellular protease with critical roles in organogenesis and angiogenesis. Here we demonstrate a functional convergence of ADAMTS-1 and the transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan syndecan-4 in influencing adhesion, migration and angiogenesis. Knockdown of ADAMTS-1 in endothelial cells resulted in a parallel reduction in cell surface syndecan-4, attributable to increased matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) activity. Knockdown of either ADAMTS-1 or syndecan-4 increased cellular responses to vascular endothelial growth factor A isoform VEGFA164, and increased ex vivo aortic ring microvessel sprouting. On fibronectin, knockdown of either protein enhanced migration and promoted formation of long α5 integrin-containing fibrillar adhesions. However, integrin α5 null cells still showed increased migration in response to ADAMTS-1 and syndecan-4 siRNA treatment. Plating of naïve endothelial cells on cell-conditioned matrix from ADAMTS-1 and syndecan-4 knockdown cells demonstrated that the altered adhesive behaviour was matrix dependent, and this correlated with a lack of expression of fibulin-1: an extracellular matrix co-factor for ADAMTS-1 that is known to inhibit migration. These findings support the notion that ADAMTS-1 and syndecan-4 are functionally interconnected in regulating cell migration and angiogenesis, via collaboration with MMP9 and fibulin-1.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjcs235762
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Issue number7
Early online date8 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2020


  • Angiogenesis
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Migration

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