Adaptation and validation of the psychological need thwarting scale in Spanish physical education teachers

Ricardo Cuevas, David Sánchez-Oliva, Kimberley J. Bartholomew, Nikos Ntoumanis, Tomás García-Calvo

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Abstract

Drawing from self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2002), the aim of the study was to adapt and validate a Spanish version of the Psychological Need Thwarting Scale (PNTS; Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, Ryan, & Thørgersen-Ntoumani, 2011) in the educational domain. Psychological need thwarting and burnout were assessed in 619 physical education teachers from several high schools in Spain. Overall, the adapted measure demonstrated good content, factorial (χ2/gl = 4.87, p < .01, CFI = .95, IFI = .96, TLI = .94, RMSEA = .08, SRMR = .05), and external validity, as well as internal consistency (α ≥ .81) and invariance across gender. Moreover, burnout was strongly predicted by teachers' perceptions of competence (β = .53, p ≤ .01), autonomy (β = .34, p ≤ .01), and relatedness (β = .31, p ≤ .01) need thwarting. In conclusion, these results support the Spanish version of the PNTS as a valid and reliable instrument for assessing the understudied concept of psychological need thwarting in teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE53
JournalSpanish Journal of Psychology
Volume18
Early online date20 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • burnout
  • psychological need thwarting
  • self-determination

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