Adherence to Mediterranean diet in Crohn’s disease

Efstathia Papada, Charalampia Amerikanou, Alastair Forbes, Andriana Kaliora

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the adherence to MD in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). Methods: Outpatients with CD were enrolled in this protocol. Medical history, disease activity, dietary intake, habitual Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) score, anthropometric measurements and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) were recorded. Blood samples were collected for quantification of biochemical and inflammatory indices. Results: A total of 86 patients with CD were enrolled: 41 in relapse (5 ≤ Harvey Bradshaw Index ≤ 14) and 45 in remission (Harvey Bradshaw Index ≤ 4). Adherence to MD was greater in patients with inactive disease. The MedDiet score correlated positively with the IBDQ (p = 0.008) and negatively with disease activity (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Adherence to Mediterranean diet is associated with improved quality of life in CD patients. Higher adherence to Mediterranean diet could be of importance in patients with CD to improve quality of life and reduce disease activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115–1121
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number3
Early online date20 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Mediterranean diet
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Disease activity
  • INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE
  • Crohn's disease
  • Inflammation
  • NUTRITION
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • Quality of life

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