Advances in the non-drug, non-surgical, non-device management of chronic heart failure

Andrew J. S. Coats

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

23 Citations (Scopus)


There have been many articles, reviews and editorials about the recent advances in pharmaceutical and device management of chronic heart failure in this and other journals over the last few years. What has been less praised are the significant advances we have made in understanding the best management of heart failure using other non-drug, non-surgical, non-device approaches. Approaches as diverse as nutrition, education, exercise, physiotherapy, psychotherapy and therapies for sleep-disordered breathing have shown considerable promise in improving the lot of our chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.
Chronic heart failure is a common condition with a poor prognosis. It generates many debilitating symptoms for the sufferer. Non-pharmacologic treatment modalities play an important role alongside effective modern pharmaceutical, surgical and device therapies in relieving symptoms and improving prognosis. These treatments include those lifestyle measures that reduce the risk of underlying diseases such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, and hypertension lifestyle interventions of benefit in established CHF. Recent advances are reviewed including specialist nursing care, multi-disciplinary heart failure clinics, exercise rehabilitation, the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing, depression, obesity and cachexia. The day of the multi-disciplinary patient-centred CHF clinic has arrived and all sufferers deserve experienced management using all these approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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