Affirmative action and economic liberalisation: The dilemmas of the Malaysian automotive industry

Noriyuki Segawa, Kaoru Natsuda, John Thoburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This paper considers the ways in which Malaysia has tried to develop automotive production through promoting a nationally owned car producer, Proton, and to carve out some "policy space" to continue a degree of protection whilst also liberalising its trade regime. We show that protection has not yet succeeded in making Proton and its many vendors internationally competitive, and why Malaysia has found that it has to secure the cooperation of a major automotive multinational to upgrade and to achieve export success.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-441
Number of pages20
JournalAsian Studies Review
Issue number3
Early online date26 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


  • affirmative action
  • automotive industry
  • bumiputera
  • industrial policy
  • Malaysia
  • motor industry
  • Proton

Cite this