Dendrimeric polymers are a subject of considerable interest, particularly for their applications in energy harvesting devices, but also in organic light-emitting diodes, photosensitizers, quantum logic devices and low-threshold lasers. The distinctive light harvesting characteristics of these materials owe their origin to the speed, efficiency and highly directed nature of the multi-step processes that deliver captured light energy to the core. Recently it has been shown how iterative calculations, based on a matrix representation of the connectivity and propensity for energy transfer between different chromophores, effectively model the time-dependent flux of energy within dendrimer materials. This paper reports the formulation and results of an extended approach, accommodating additional mechanisms by means of which excitations of energy higher than the incoming photons can be generated and propagated towards a trap. It is also shown how the structure of the dendrimer and the operation of a spectroscopic gradient affect this energy flow. These mechanisms explain experimental observations in which energy coupling of four photons or more is observed in large aryl ether azodendrimers, at relatively low levels of irradiance.
|Title of host publication||Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|