An environmental assessment framework with respect to the Requirements of Energy-using Products Directive

W.K.C. Yung, H.K. Chan, A C K Choi, T.M. Yue, M.I. Mazhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


From August 2007, all member states of the European Union are required to enforce a new directive, 2005/32/EC, that affects any products that rely on any forms of energy as the source for operation. These products are referred to as energy-using products (EuPs), and the said directive (EuP directive) aims to achieve a higher level of environmental benefits by considering the environmental impacts throughout their whole life cycle. The EuP directive sets out to establish an outline for the eco-design requirements for EuPs. In this regard, environmental assessment, or more specifically life-cycle assessment, is the most fundamental tool to help manufacturers comply with the directive. This paper aims to discuss the background of the EuP directive and to propose a framework for assessment with respect to the directive, based on a pilot study with four products. One of these four products will be employed to demonstrate the application of the framework.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-651
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008


  • 2005/32/EC
  • Eco-design
  • Energy-using products
  • Environmental management
  • Life-cycle assessment

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