An improved assembly of the Albugo candida Ac2V genome reveals the expansion of the "CCG" class of effectors

Oliver J. Furzer, Volkan Cevik, Sebastian Fairhead, Kate Bailey, Amey Redkar, Christian Schudoma, Dan MacLean, Eric B. Holub, Jonathan D. G. Jones

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Abstract

Albugo candida is an obligate oomycete pathogen that infects many plants in the Brassicaceae family. We resequenced the genome of isolate Ac2V using PacBio long reads and constructed an assembly augmented by Illumina reads. The Ac2VPB genome assembly is 10% larger and more contiguous compared with a previous version. Our annotation of the new assembly, aided by RNA-sequencing information, revealed a 175% expansion (40 to 110) in the CHxC effector class, which we redefined as "CCG" based on motif analysis. This class of effectors consist of arrays of phylogenetically related paralogs residing in gene sparse regions, and shows signatures of positive selection and presence/absence polymorphism. This work provides a resource that allows the dissection of the genomic components underlying A. candida adaptation and, particularly, the role of CCG effectors in virulence and avirulence on different hosts.[Formula: see text]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI
Volume35
Issue number1
Early online date17 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Albugo candida
  • biotrophy
  • effectors
  • genome
  • genomics
  • oomycete
  • oomycete–plant interactions
  • PacBio
  • population biology

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