An input-output approach to the estimation of employment requirements in Europe

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This study reports the results of an attempt to analyse the employment requirements per one million dollars of final demand on the basis of an input-output model, in which the standard technology matrix is partitioned into domestic and import input coefficient matrices for twelve European countries. International comparisons of employment requirements indicate that the labour productivity is higher for high income countries while employment requirements per one million dollars of final demand is less closely associated with the size of the country. Our results demonstrate that the total employment requirements estimated on the basis of the total input coefficients matrix or the domestic coefficients matrix retain the same ordinal ranking of the sectors. For developing countries, where the data are not available for domestic and import coefficients matrix separately, the methodology of estimating employment requirements (per unit of final demand) through total coefficients matrix may be adopted since our experience indicates that ranking of the sectors in terms of labour productivity is not altered between two approaches for twelve European countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-165
Number of pages17
JournalEmpirical Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1979

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