The use of cardiac pacemakers is increasing worldwide. Infective endocarditis from a pacemaker lead is a rare, but one of the most severe complications of pacemaker insertion. The diagnosis of pacemaker-related infective endocarditis is usually delayed due to unspecific clinical signs and symptoms at presentation compared to native valve infective endocarditis. Several factors can increase the risk of cardiac pacemaker-related infective endocarditis including cachexia, malignancy, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression and corticosteroid treatment. This case report is about a 70-year-old diabetic male who presented to the emergency department with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), cardiac and liver failure. He was diagnosed with pacemaker infective endocarditis, which was ultimately fatal.
|Journal||Oxford Medical Case Reports|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Apr 2017|