Anaerobic Metabolism in Haloferax Genus: Denitrification as Case of Study

J. Torregrosa-Crespo, R.M. Martínez-Espinosa, J. Esclapez, V. Bautista, C. Pire, M. Camacho, D.J. Richardson, M.J. Bonete

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A number of species of Haloferax genus (halophilic archaea) are able to grow microaerobically or even anaerobically using different alternative electron acceptors such as fumarate, nitrate, chlorate, dimethyl sulphoxide, sulphide and/or trimethylamine. This metabolic capability is also shown by other species of the Halobacteriaceae and Haloferacaceae families (Archaea domain) and it has been mainly tested by physiological studies where cell growth is observed under anaerobic conditions in the presence of the mentioned compounds. This work summarises the main reported features on anaerobic metabolism in the Haloferax, one of the better described haloarchaeal genus with significant potential uses in biotechnology and bioremediation. Special attention has been paid to denitrification, also called nitrate respiration. This pathway has been studied so far from Haloferax mediterranei and Haloferax denitrificans mainly from biochemical point of view (purification and characterisation of the enzymes catalysing the two first reactions). However, gene expression and gene regulation is far from known at the time of writing this chapter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Microbial Physiology
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Bacterial Electron Transport Systems and Their Regulation
EditorsRobert K. Poole
PublisherElsevier
Pages41-85
Volume68
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-804822-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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