Analyzing blockchain adoption barriers in manufacturing supply chains by the neutrosophic analytic hierarchy process

Amin Vafadarnikjoo, Hadi Badri Ahmadi, James J. H. Liou, Tiago Botelho, Konstantinos Chalvatzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Tools established for managing information flow in supply chain management and logistics should match digital transformations. This issue is particularly salient for developing nations that hope to achieve sustainable development goals in a globalized era. Modern technologies are required to ensure a secure, transparent, and traceable path of information flow in global supply chains; however, it is not always straightforward for businesses in developing economies to adopt new digital technologies while sustaining productivity. One of the foundational technologies that can be used to create a basis for economic and social systems and to affect manufacturing supply chains in developing economies is blockchain. In this study, we analyze the barriers to blockchain technology adoption in manufacturing supply chains using the neutrosophic analytic hierarchy process (N-AHP). We propose an action plan framework for the validation of blockchain technology in a developing economy. The findings demonstrate that “transaction-level uncertainties” comprise the most critical barrier and have the highest weight in the final ranking followed by “usage in the underground economy”, “managerial commitment”, “challenges in scalability”, and “privacy risks”. This paper can assist industrial managers and experts in emerging economies to more clearly identify barriers to the implementation of blockchain technology and show them how to successfully employ blockchain technology in their supply chains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129–156
Number of pages28
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Early online date10 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • AHP
  • Blockchain
  • Neutrosophic set theory
  • Supply chain management
  • Barriers

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