Annual research review: Infant development, autism, and ADHD--early pathways to emerging disorders

Mark H Johnson, Teodora Gliga, Emily Jones, Tony Charman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

158 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, with a high degree of co-occurrence.

METHODS: Prospective longitudinal studies of infants who later meet criteria for ASD or ADHD offer the opportunity to determine whether the two disorders share developmental pathways.

RESULTS: Prospective studies of younger siblings of children with autism have revealed a range of infant behavioral and neural markers associated with later diagnosis of ASD. Research on infants with later ADHD is less developed, but emerging evidence reveals a number of relations between infant measures and later symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity.

CONCLUSIONS: We review this literature, highlighting points of convergence and divergence in the early pathways to ASD and ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-247
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015


  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology
  • Autistic Disorder/physiopathology
  • Brain/physiopathology
  • Child Development/physiology
  • Developmental Disabilities/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors

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