BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, with a high degree of co-occurrence.
METHODS: Prospective longitudinal studies of infants who later meet criteria for ASD or ADHD offer the opportunity to determine whether the two disorders share developmental pathways.
RESULTS: Prospective studies of younger siblings of children with autism have revealed a range of infant behavioral and neural markers associated with later diagnosis of ASD. Research on infants with later ADHD is less developed, but emerging evidence reveals a number of relations between infant measures and later symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity.
CONCLUSIONS: We review this literature, highlighting points of convergence and divergence in the early pathways to ASD and ADHD.
- Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology
- Autistic Disorder/physiopathology
- Child Development/physiology
- Developmental Disabilities/physiopathology
- Longitudinal Studies
- Prospective Studies
- Risk Factors