Antibacterial composite membranes of polycaprolactone/gelatin loaded with zinc oxide nanoparticles for guided tissue regeneration

Gina Prado-Prone, Phaedra Silva-Bermudez, Masoomeh Bazzar, Maria Letizia Focarete, Sandra E. Rodil, Ximena Vidal-Gutiérrez, Jorge Garcia-Macedo, Victor García-Pérez, Cristina Velasquillo, Argelia Almaguer-Flores

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The bacterial colonization of absorbable membranes used for guided tissue regeneration (GTR), as well as their rapid degradation that can cause their rupture, are considered the major reasons for clinical failure. To address this, composite membranes of polycaprolactone (PCL) and gelatin (Gel) loaded with zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs; 1, 3 and 6 wt% relative to PCL content) were fabricated by electrospinning. To fabricate homogeneous fibrillar membranes, acetic acid was used as a sole common solvent to enhance the miscibility of PCL and Gel in the electrospinning solutions. The effects of ZnO-NPs in the physico-chemical, mechanical and in vitro biological properties of composite membranes were studied. The composite membranes showed adequate mechanical properties to offer a satisfactory clinical manipulation and an excellent conformability to the defect site while their degradation rate seemed to be appropriate to allow successful regeneration of periodontal defects. The presence of ZnO-NPs in the composite membranes significantly decreased the planktonic and the biofilm growth of the Staphylococcus aureus over time. Finally, the viability of human osteoblasts and human gingival fibroblasts exposed to the composite membranes with 1 and 3 wt% of ZnO-NPs indicated that those membranes are not expected to negatively influence the ability of periodontal cells to repopulate the defect site during GTR treatments. The results here obtained suggest that composite membranes of PCL and Gel loaded with ZnO-NPs have the potential to be used as structurally stable GTR membranes with local antibacterial properties intended for enhancing clinical treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035006
Number of pages15
JournalBiomedical Materials
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020


  • PCL
  • ZNO
  • antibacterial properties
  • biocompatibility
  • electrospinning
  • gelatin
  • periodontal membranes
  • polycaprolactone
  • zinc oxide nanoparticles

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