Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium is a common cause of enterocolitis in humans globally, with multidrug resistant (MDR) strains posing an enhanced threat. S. Typhimurium is also a pathogen in food-production animals, and these populations can act as reservoirs of the bacterium. Therefore, surveillance and control measures within food-production animal populations are of importance both to animal and human health and have the potential to be enhanced though improved understanding of the epidemiology of S. Typhimurium within and between food-production animal populations. Here, data from Scotland and national surveillance England and Wales data for isolates from cattle (n = 1115), chickens (n = 248) and pigs (n = 2174) collected between 2003 and 2014 were analyzed. Ecological diversity analyses and rarefaction curves were used to compare the diversity of observed antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles between the host species, and within host species populations. Higher AMR profile diversity was observed in isolates from pigs compared to chickens across diversity measures and isolates from cattle for three of four diversity measures. Variation in AMR profile diversity between production sectors was noted, with higher AMR diversity of isolates from broiler compared to layer chickens, breeder compared to rearer and finisher pigs and beef compared to dairy cattle. Findings indicate variation in AMR profile diversity both within and between food-production animal host species. These observations suggest alternate sources of AMR bacteria and/or variation in selective evolutionary pressures within and between food-production animal host species populations.