Apolipoprotein E (epsilon) genotype has a greater impact on apoB-48 than apoB-100 responses to dietary fat manipulation—insights from the SATgenε study

Kim G Jackson, Stacey Lockyer, Andrew L Carvalho-Wells, Christine M Williams, Anne M Minihane, Julie A Lovegrove

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Abstract

Scope: To determine the contribution of intestinally and liver-derived lipoproteins to the postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) response in APOE3/E3 and E3/E4 individuals following chronic dietary fat manipulation. Methods and results: In sequential order, participants (n = 12 E3/E3, n = 11 E3/E4) followed low fat (LF); high-fat, high-saturated fat (HSF); and HSF with 3.45 g/day docosahexaenoic acid (HSF-DHA) diets, each for 8 weeks. After each dietary period, an acute test meal with a macronutrient profile representative of the dietary intervention was consumed. Apolipoprotein (apo)B isoforms were determined in isolated TAG-rich lipoprotein fractions (Sf>400, Sf 60–400 and Sf 20–60) by specific ELISA. A genotype*meal/diet interaction for the Sf>400 fraction apoB-48 response (P<0.05) was observed, with higher concentrations reached after the LF than HSF-DHA meal in E4 carriers. This finding was associated with a lower TAG content of the Sf>400 particles. Fasting Sf 60–400 and 20–60 apoB-48 concentrations were also significantly higher in E4 carriers. No impact of genotype on the apoB-100 responses was evident. Conclusion: Our study revealed marked effects of dietary fat composition on the Sf>400 apoB-48 response and particle TAG content in E4 carriers relative to the ‘wild-type’ E3/E3 genotype, which suggest APOE genotype is a potential modulator of chylomicron particle synthesis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600688
JournalMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
Volume61
Issue number4
Early online date9 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • APOE genotype
  • Dietary fat quantity
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Saturated fat
  • Triacylglycerol

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