Application of a digital non-linear compensation algorithm for evaluating the performance of root-raised-cosine pulses in 112Gbits-1 DP-QPSK transmission

Rameez Asif, Muhammad Usman, Chien Yu Lin, Bernhard Schmauss

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9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we numerically investigate the non-linear tolerance of root-raised-cosine (RRC) pulse shaping by interpolating finite impulse response (FIR) filters in conjunction with digital backward propagation (DBP) in coherent 112Gbits-1 dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transmission. The results depict that RRC pulses are more tolerant to intra-channel non-linearities, i.e.self-phase modulation (SPM), as compared to standard RZ-33 and NRZ pulses. The non-linear threshold point is improved by using RRC pulses by a factor of 2dB signal input power as compared to RZ pulses and by 4dB signal launch power as compared to NRZ pulses. The behavior of RRC pulses is also investigated with standard single mode fiber (SMF), non-zero dispersion shifted fiber (NZDSF) and next-generation large Aeff pure silica core fiber (LA-PSCF). Most importantly multi-span DBP is implemented and in the case of RRC pulses the computational efforts of the conventional DBP algorithm are reduced by 80% with a diminutive Q-penalty of 0.74dB. The duty cycle of the RRC pulses is further optimized for efficient system performance. We have also compared the performance of single-channel transmission with the multi-channel transmission, where the performance is limited due to inter-channel non-linear effects. Furthermore, the non-linear tolerance of RRC pulses is investigated with; (a)different amplifier spacing and (b)variation in transmission link design information for the DBP algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number095402
JournalJournal of Optics (United Kingdom)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012


  • coherent receiver
  • dispersion
  • fiber optic communication
  • modulation
  • non-linear effects

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