Are linguistic prediction deficits characteristic of adults with dyslexia?

Paul E. Engelhardt, Michelle K. Y. Yuen, Elise A. Kenning, Luna Filipovic

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Abstract

Individuals with dyslexia show deficits in phonological abilities, rapid automatized naming, short-term/working memory, processing speed, and some aspects of sensory and visual processing. There is currently one report in the literature that individuals with dyslexia also show impairments in linguistic prediction. The current study sought to investigate prediction in language processing in dyslexia. Forty-one adults with dyslexia and 43 typically-developing controls participated. In the experiment, participants made speeded-acceptability judgements in sentences with word final cloze manipulations. The final word was a high-cloze probability word, a low-cloze probability word, or a semantically anomalous word. Reaction time from the onset of the final word to participants’ response was recorded. Results indicated that individuals with dyslexia showed longer reaction times, and crucially, they showed clear differences from controls in low predictability sentences, which is consistent with deficits in linguistic prediction. Conclusions focus on the mechanism supporting prediction in language comprehension and possible reasons why individuals with dyslexia show less prediction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cloze probability
  • Dyslexia
  • Linguistic prediction
  • Reading disability
  • Semantic plausibility
  • Sentence processing

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