Area deprivation predicts lung function independently of education and social class

S. Shohaimi, A. A. Welch, S. Bingham, R. Luben, N. Day, N. Wareham, K.-T. Khaw

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The cross-sectional association between socioeconomic status (at both the individual and area-based level) and lung function, as measured by forced expiratory volume in one second, in a large population-based cohort was investigated.

The study population consisted of 22,675 males and females aged 39–79 yrs. They were recruited from the general community in Norfolk, UK using general practice age/sex registers, as part of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk).

It was found that being in a manual occupational social class, having no educational qualifications and living in a deprived area all independently predicted significantly lower lung function, even after controlling for smoking habit.

The influence of area-deprivation on lung function, independent of individual socioeconomic status and of individual smoking habit, suggests that apart from targeting individuals who are at high-risk, such as smokers, environmental determinants also need to be examined when considering measures to improve respiratory health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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