Artificially induced phased siRNAs promote virus resistance in transgenic plants

Archana Singh, Irina-Ioana Mohorianu, Darrell Green, Tamas Dalmay, Indranil Dasgupta, Sunil Mukherjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

We previously developed transgenic tobacco plants that were resistant to two geminiviruses. We generated resistance using RNAi constructs that produced trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA) like secondary siRNAs known as phased siRNA (phasiRNA) that targeted several regions of Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus (ToLCNDV) and Tomato Leaf Curl Gujarat Virus (ToLCGV) transcripts encoding the RNA silencing suppressor proteins AC2 and AC4. Here, we performed degradome analysis to determine the precise cleavage sites of RNA-RNA interaction between phasiRNA and viral transcripts. We then apply our RNAi technology in tomato, which is the natural host for ToLCNDV and ToLCGV. The relative ease of developing and using phasiRNA constructs represents a significant technical advance in imparting virus resistance in crops and/or important model systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-215
Number of pages8
JournalVirology
Volume537
Early online date31 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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